More Education and Better Strategies Needed to Fight Acne in Transgender Individuals Interview with:
Howa Yeung, MD MSc | He/him
Assistant Professor of Dermatology
Emory University School of Medicine What is the background for this study?

Response: Acne is common in transgender and gender diverse individuals who receive gender-affirming hormone therapy – a health disparity population that is understudied in health research. We aimed to explore the impact of acne and identify practice gaps in acne treatment in transgender and gender diverse individuals. What are the main findings?

Response:  Acne led to experiences of rejection and discrimination, worsened body dissatisfaction, and led to social avoidance. Transgender women reported acne interfering with feminine gender expression. Transgender men often normalized acne development, sometimes positively as an early sign of testosterone action. Many tried over-the-counter treatments and sought advice from physicians, peers, online forums, and social media.

Barriers to acne treatments included cost, lack of multidisciplinary care, mistrust toward the health care system, and lack of transgender-specific acne care education. Isotretinoin treatment required navigation of potential mental health adverse effects and patient discomfort with contraceptive and pregnancy testing requirements.

Continue reading

Effects of Acne and Acne Scarring Can Last Decades Interview with:
Jerry Tan, MD
Western University Canada
Schulich School of Medicine and Dentistry
Windsor, Ontario, Canada

Dr. Tan  What is the background for this study?  What are the main findings?

Response: Acne was personified as an unwanted intruder responsible for negative self-image and emotional impairment What should readers take away from your report?

Response: The burden of acne can extend across long durations of life (adolescence to adulthood),

Scarring Acne: DermNet image

With acne scarring, this adverse impact persists along with a expressions of resignation and acceptance.

Disclosures: Advisor, consultant, speaker and/or trialist for Bausch, Boots Walgreens, Cipher, Cutera, Galderma, L’Oreal, Pfizer, Novartis, Sun


Tan J, Chavda R, Leclerc M, Dréno B. Projective Personification Approach to the Experience of People With Acne and Acne Scarring—Expressing the Unspoken. JAMA Dermatol. Published online July 20, 2022. doi:10.1001/jamadermatol.2022.2742


The information on is provided for educational purposes only, and is in no way intended to diagnose, cure, or treat any medical or other condition. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health and ask your doctor any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. In addition to all other limitations and disclaimers in this agreement, service provider and its third party providers disclaim any liability or loss in connection with the content provided on this website.

Novel Polymeric Tazarotene 0.045% Lotion for Moderate-to-Severe Acne: Pooled Phase 3 Analysis by Race Interview with:
Dr. Linda Stein Gold MD

Director, Dermatology Clinical Research
Henry Ford Health System

Dr. Stein Gold: Patients of color have an increased risk of acne and inflammation-related sequalae, including post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH) associated with acne resolution or irritation from treatment. Traditional topical retinoids, such as tazarotene, treat acne by inhibiting multiple inflammatory pathways and normalizing desquamation. However, skin irritation and other skin reactions may limit the use of some tazarotene gel and cream formulations. However, ARAZLO, a low dose tazarotene 0.045% lotion approved in 2020 utilizes polymeric emulsion technology, which makes it a highly spreadable lotion that allows for efficient delivery of tazarotene into dermal layers while reducing the potential for skin irritation.

In two phase 3, double-blind, 12-week studies, participants with moderate-to-severe acne were randomized 1:1 to tazarotene 0.045% lotion or vehicle lotion. This pooled, post hoc analysis included subsets of participants segmented by white or black race. Coprimary endpoints were inflammatory/noninflammatory lesion counts and treatment success, which was defined by at least a 2-grade reduction from baseline in the Evaluator’s Global Severity Score (EGSS) and an EGSS that was “clear” or “almost clear.” Treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) and cutaneous safety and tolerability were also evaluated.

Continue reading

Study Finds Tazarotene 0.045% Lotion Improved Both Acne and Hyperpigmentation in Black Patients Interview with:
Dr. Fran Cook-Bolden, MD
Diplomate of the American Board of Dermatology
Director of FCB Dermatology and Wellness, Cosmetic & Laser Surgery and
Clinical Assistant Professor, Weill Cornell, NY What is the background for this study? What are the main findings?

ResponsePatients with skin of color have a higher risk of acne and inflammation-related complications, including post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH). Topical retinoids such as tazarotene treat acne in part by reducing inflammation. However, skin irritation and other skin reactions may limit the use of some tazarotene gel and cream formulations. A lower-dose tazarotene 0.045% lotion formulation (Arazlo™, Ortho Dermatologics) was recently developed to treat acne. How does Tazarotene Cream differ from other medication groups for acne? 

Response:To clarify, our results are on tazarotene lotion, not tazarotene cream. Tazarotene 0.045% lotion is the first lotion formulation of tazarotene, which was created using polymeric emulsion technology. The benefits of this new technology are that the lotion is highly spreadable, and it allows for more efficient delivery of tazarotene deep into the skin while reducing the potential for skin irritation. In a previous study, tazarotene 0.045% lotion had comparable efficacy to tazarotene 0.1% cream but with fewer side effects.

Pediatric Acne Microbiome Differs From Older Teens

‘The predominant bacteria in microbiome studies of adult acne is Propionibacterium, whereas in this pediatric population we saw a lot of Streptococcus bacteria. After treatment, the microbiomes of intervention group participants more closely resembled those of control group participants.’


Coughlin CC, Swink SM, Horwinski J, et al. The preadolescent acne microbiome: A prospective, randomized, pilot study investigating characterization and effects of acne therapy. Pediatr Dermatol. 2017;00:14.

Acne Affects Over 50% Of European Young Adults

A recent study finds that “the overall prevalence of self-reported acne was 57.8% and was highest in the 15- to 17-year-old age group” with heredity as the main risk factor for developing acne.

Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV

Acne Prevalence and Associations With Lifestyle: A Cross-Sectional Online Survey of Adolescents/Young Adults in 7 European Countries

J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2017 Sep 06;[EPub Ahead of Print], P Wolkenstein, A Machovcová, JC Szepietowski, D Tennstedt, S Veraldi, A Delarue

It’s Not Just Acne — You Also Need To Protect Your Skin From Too Much Sun

Acne is a pain, but too much sun can permanently damage your skin.  Here are some tips from the CDC to help keep your skin younger looking and limit your risk of skin cancer.